Achievement Expectations

How Much Can I Learn?

We are often asked by prospective students how much Arabic they can learn with us or how good their Arabic will be after two years. Each student is different and measuring ability in language can be subjective, but the following information should be a helpful guide.

Course Goals

A student who has completed the full course can be proficient to the Advanced Level (ACTFL) in the four language skills of:


  • Discuss topics of current and personal interest
  • Handle most situations of daily life
  • Narrate and describe in smooth discourse
  • Make factual comparisons
  • Handle arrangements regarding study and travel, involving minor complications, e.g. losing documents, missing an appointment etc.


  • Understand topics of current and personal interest when talking face to face
  • Understand everyday topics, well-known current events, routine matters etc.
  • When listening to a conversation between two native speakers will often be able to follow the dialogue


  • Read multi-paragraph materials of a factual nature
  • Read articles from popular newspapers on familiar subjects


  • Correspond with Arabic speaking friends
  • Join sentences in simple discourse of at least several paragraphs on familiar topics
  • Write narratives and descriptions of a factual nature

In addition the student who has successfully completed the course will be able to continually learn in all these areas through normal usage.

Language Assessment Scales

Measuring ability in a language can be a bit subjective but the ILR and ACTFL scales are helpful and are shown below.

But before we go any further, a word of warning.  There are  Arabic language programs which claim that a student can be ‘fluent’ in Arabic after 3 months study and even quote students who have done this.  The results of research from the U.S. Government’s Foreign Service Institute (FSI) as shown in the chart below, show clearly that this is not a realistic claim.

The data here are cited by Judith E. Liskin-Gasparro in “ETS Oral Proficiency Testing Manual,” Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service, 1982.  The data were obtained from LinguaLinks Language Learning Bookshelf.

The FSI has classified languages according to the difficulty factors for native English speakers. Group 4, the most difficult are shown in the chart above.

If you compare the graph above with the table below you will see that the FSI considers it would take an average language learner between 100 and 150 weeks at 30 hours per week to attain superior status (3 to 3+) which is the lowest level most of us would call fluent.   This is a bit more than the 3 months quoted by some programmes! However, if by “fluent” you mean level 1, it may be possible.  Beware of programs who play with words to get your money.  The only way to get a good standard of Arabic is time, effort and a good program.

So where would you be on the scale below after studying with us?  Well, assuming you have average aptitude for learning language and you study for the full two-year course and, of course, you fulfill the course requirements by completing all homework assignments and mixing with local people on a regular basis, then you will attain the same level that our two-year students normally do.  That is, you would be about a 2 on the scale below – Able to satisfy routine social demands and limited work requirements.  Our full-time two-year programme is around 75 weeks in total, if you compare the length of our programme with the graph above then you will see that even this is a bold claim but we see average students on our course attaining this regularly.

Those with a gifting for language may be able to reach about a 3 – Able to speak the language with sufficient structural accuracy and vocabulary to participate effectively in most formal and informal conversations.

ILR Scale ACTFL Scale Definition
5 Native Able to speak like an educated native speaker
Distinguished Able to speak with a great deal of fluency, grammatical accuracy, precision of vocabulary and idiomaticity
Superior Able to speak the language with sufficient structural accuracy and vocabulary to participate effectively in most formal and informal conversations
2+ Advanced Plus Able to satisfy most work requirements and show some ability to communicate on concrete topics
2 Advanced Able to satisfy routine social demands and limited work requirements
1+ Intermediate – High Able to satisfy most survival needs and limited social demands
1 Intermediate – Mid
Intermediate – Low
Able to satisfy some survival needs and some limited social demands
Able to satisfy basic survival needs and minimum courtesy requirements
0+ Novice – High Able to satisfy immediate needs with learned utterances
0 Novice-Mid
Novice – Low
Able to operate in only a very limited capacity Unable to function in the spoken language
No ability whatsoever in the language